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ISSN 2029-7092 online
ISBN 978-609-457-690-4 CD
ISBN 978-609-457-640-9
Energy for Buildings

Giedrius Šiupšinskas, Artur Rogoža

Modernisation of the existing energy supply system to CO2 neutral system: Lithuanian town case study

Conference Information: 9th International Conference on Environmental Engineering, MAY 22-24, 2014 Vilnius, LITHUANIA
Source: ICEE-2011 - International Conference on Environmental Engineering
Book Series: International Conference on Environmental Engineering (ICEE) Selected papers
ISSN: ISSN 2029-7092 online
ISBN: 978-609-457-640-9 / 978-609-457-690-4 CD
Year: 2014
Publisher: Vilnius Gediminas Technical University Press Technika

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The main principle of the sustainable planning is to achieve the maximum effect with the lowest cost. Generally, district heating is the main heat supply system in the countries of northern climate. In some cases, it is an old and worn out system, which should be modernized. Currently, this system has a great potential for energy savings. It is clear that in order to achieve ambitious environmental energy efficiency goals, local renewable energy resources should be integrated. However, one of the main problems is the evaluation which heat supply alternative (centralised or decentralised) is better. This work aims to evaluate the integration of renewable energy resources in existing small district heating system by using known environmental methods. The results showed that district heating in combination with renewables (biomass and solar energy) is the most environmentally friendly solution for heat supply. The implementation of those measures enables to reach nearly zero CO2 emission. The analysis in terms of 3E multi-criteria allows to involve other indicators (energy and economic) in overall decision-making process. This evaluation proved the effectiveness of district heating system with solar collectors and economiser, implementing the modernisation of buildings.

Keywords: heat loss; district heating; renewable energy sources; modernisation; energyPRO, 3E factor.

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