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ISSN 2029-7092 online
ISBN 978-609-457-690-4 CD
ISBN 978-609-457-640-9
Energy for Buildings

Anna Sedláková, Silvia Vilceková, Eva Krídlová Burdová, Pavol Majdlen

Assessment of alternative solutions of lower structure, taking into account energy and environmental impacts

Conference Information: 9th International Conference on Environmental Engineering, MAY 22-24, 2014 Vilnius, LITHUANIA
Source: ICEE-2011 - International Conference on Environmental Engineering
Book Series: International Conference on Environmental Engineering (ICEE) Selected papers
ISSN: ISSN 2029-7092 online
ISBN: 978-609-457-640-9 / 978-609-457-690-4 CD
Year: 2014
Publisher: Vilnius Gediminas Technical University Press Technika

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Buildings play significant role in energy consumption and emission production through all phases of life cycle. Over the last decade, the development towards sustainability has become important issue in building design decisions. The relative contribution of embodied impacts of building materials and structures has been recognized as being significant, especially for high energy effective buildings. Life cycle assessment (LCA) belongs to broadly used methodology which helps to make decisions in sustainable building design. The lower structure of buildings consisted of external wall, floor and substructure has by far, the most significant contribution of embodied impacts associated with the construction phase. The goal of this paper is to assess alternative material solutions of lower structure to support decision at the design phase of the project. The solutions are towards reduced embodied environmental impacts and improved energy performance. This study uses life cycle analysis in system boundary from Cradle to Gate and focuses on environmental indicators such as embodied energy and emissions of CO2eq. and SO2eq. The selection and combination of materials influence amount of energy consumption and associated production of emissions during building operation phase. Therefore this study also calculates thermalphysical parameters. Methods of multicriteria decision analysis (MCDA) are used for the interpretation of results of assessments.

Keywords: lower structure; energy and environmental indicators; thermo-physical parameters; MCDA.

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