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ISSN 2029-7092 online
ISBN 978-609-457-690-4 CD
ISBN 978-609-457-640-9
 Environmental Protection

Pranas Baltrėnas, Alvydas Zagorskis, Antonas Misevičius

Biological Breakdown Efficiency Research of Wavy Lamellar Structure Air Purification Biofilter with a Capillary Load Moistening System

Conference Information: 9th International Conference on Environmental Engineering, MAY 22-23, 2014 Vilnius, LITHUANIA
Source: ICEE-2014 - International Conference on Environmental Engineering
Book Series: International Conference on Environmental Engineering (ICEE) Selected papers
ISSN: ISSN 2029-7092 online
ISBN: 978-609-457-640-9 / 978-609-457-690-4 CD
Year: 2014
Publisher: Vilnius Gediminas Technical University Press Technika

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Studies were conducted by employing a new generation lamellar structure laboratory air purification device – a biofilter, capable of purifying airflow, polluted with gaseous pollutants. The internal structure of the biofilter is unique in that the bioload, upon which microorganisms dwell and propagate, is fitted onto uprightly arranged wavy lamellas – a layout that creates a capillary moistening effect. Thermally treated birch wood fibers and non-woven caulked materials were used as the bioload in order to increase durability of the load. This paper discusses the results of studies, performed to determine the efficiency of acetone, xylene and ammonia’s biological breakdown processes. The conducted research revealed high efficiency of biological breakdown processes. With the acetone fumes concentration of 0,3 g m–3 running through the biofilter load at the velocity of 0,08 m s –1 and with the number of self-contained microorganisms 1,28·1010 CFU/cm2 , the biodegradation efficiency of the contaminant was 94%, with the xylene fumes concentration of 0,3 g m-3 running through the biofilter load and the number of self-contained microorganisms 2,45·108 cfu/cm2 , the efficiency was 87%, and running 0,3 g m–3 concentration of ammonia fumes the efficiency was 88% with the number of self-contained microorganisms of 4,4·108 CFU/cm2 . Using wavy lamellas with fastened load allows a longer contact time between the pollutant and the bioload compared to flat lamellas.

Keywords: biofilter; biodegradation; capillarity; bio-load; wood fiber; VOC; air cleaning.

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